Can Adderall Cause Schizophrenia-Like Psychosis?
Adderall has been the best friend of students because of its unregulated recreational use, energy boosting power and the patients of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) attributed to its treatment potential.
Along with its widespread fan following, the abuse potential and addictive property has equally contributed in keeping Adderall in breaking news as well as controversies. A recent finding brings this medication back to the debate regarding if Adderall can actually cause Schizophrenia-like Psychosis.
Adderall’s potential to cause Schizophrenia-Like Psychosis
Adderall contains the active ingredient amphetamine which is well known for its addiction and habit forming potential. This metabolite is responsible for the increased psychomotor activity, improved cognitive function and heightened mood and energy, finally ending up with stimulant-induced Psychosis.
So, the answer to the query is yes. Adderall has the potential to cause Schizophrenia-Like Psychosis but it may not necessarily cause this effect in all consumers.
Certain factors such as individual’s genetic makeup and neurochemistry (an individual with dopaminergic abnormalities will be more susceptible to Psychosis), dosage (consuming Adderall more than prescribed), lifestyle (peak stress level and long term sleep deprivation may increase risk of Psychosis, mental illness and duration of drug intake (should not be longer than prescribed) regulate onset of psychosis in different individuals taking similar stimulant such as Adderall.
So, whether Adderall will lead to any serious effect such as psychosis or not will depend on individual’s state of the body. All that can be concluded is that Adderall has the potential to hamper consumer’s health but to what extent can be best known only on consultation with a physician.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia-Like Psychosis from Adderall Use
Psychosis is a medical condition in which the patient fails to maintain a contact with reality and lives in a world of hallucinations (auditory and/or visual) and delusions (baseless beliefs). It is one of the symptoms of serious mental illness called schizophrenia.
Psychosis is a common symptom of many of the mental disorders but may also result from certain medications and here arises the possibility of neuro-stimulant Adderall being the culprit.
Warnings associated with Adderall administration
Adderall is an effective Central Nervous System (CNS) stimulant for the treatment of narcolepsy and ADHD along with depression and anxiety. But then dangers associated with the medication sometimes outweigh the benefits and with long term usage, the consumer becomes addicted to Adderall.
Long back in 1960, the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approved the drug but seeing its increasing abuse, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) listed Adderall as a schedule II substance. Some of the common yet serious side effects of Adderall include confused state of mind, convulsions, hallucinations, suicidal thoughts, loss of consciousness, dizziness, tightness in the chest and uncontrolled behaviors. The list doesn’t end here. Drugs discussion forums are flooded with reports of Adderall’s ill effects and the most indigestible part is that the drug is still available, but with prescription only.
It is no big deal for abusers to avail Adderall anyway even after being aware of the heightened risks linked with it. Another hot debate that is set is regarding the possibility of Adderall causing serious adverse effect of Schizophrenia-Like Psychosis.